ORTHOTROPIC 

BRIDGE 

CONFERENCE


Orthotropic Bridges of Canada Built from 1960 to 2003

This is a summary of all bridges built in Canada with Orthotropic Decks. It lists basic data and statistics for bridges, and a survey of what happened to these orthotropic bridges.  The goal is to establish a useful database of listings of all orthotropic bridges.  Suggestions, improvements and corrections are appreciated!!

DISCLAIMER:  This table is based on information available to the public from libraries, or freely provided. Steel plate was used for bridge decks prior to the AISC "Battle Deck" welded system of 1938. Rivets or bolts were used to make the connections. The German engineers started the use of orthotropic in the 1950s, which has been used by most other countries. A good faith effort has been made to establish and make corrections to this table as needed. Many small bridges never had articles written about them.

Alfred R. Mangus, P.E. is the Facilitator and Chair of the ASCE Orthotropic Bridge Conference, August 2004 in Sacramento, CA - Phone & Fax:  916-961-2723 - asce@asce-sacto.org

State

# of Bridges

Name of Bridge

Year

Opened

Length x Width in Feet

Deck Area in Square Feet

Bridge Type

Location

Status

References

ALBERTA - None

             
BRITISH COLUMBIA              

Port Mann

Owner:  Province of BC

Designer:  Engineers

1968

1950 x 70

136,500

Tied Arch 

Main span of 1,200 feet. Side spans 360 feet. 

Vancouver 30 miles upstream on Fraiser River

Built as an orthotropic deck bridge. Still in use

 

Lions Gate North Approach

Viaduct Spans Viaduct

Owner:  City of Vancouver

Designer:  Buckland & Taylor Engineers

http://www.tc.gc.ca/programs/

surface/bridges/lionsgate.htm

1976

2,200 x 55

121,000

Plate Girders

Vancouver across harbor entrance

Re-decking lane bridge

 

Lions Gate Main Spans

Owner:  City of Vancouver

Designer:  Buckland & Taylor Engineers

2002

2,781 x 55

153,431

Suspension Bridge

Vancouver across harbor entrance

Re-decking

 

Mission Bridge

Owner:  Province of BC

Designer:  Engineers

1975

1,020 x 48

48,960

Box

The main span is 440 feet long with 290 foot spans

Mission 50 miles upstream on Faiser River

Built as an orthotropic deck bridge. Still in use.

 

NOVA SOCTIA - 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A. Murray McKay Bridge

Owner:  Halifax-Dartmouth Bridge Commission

Designer:  Pratley & Dorton, Consluting Engineers, Montreal

http://www.tc.gc.ca/programs/

surface/bridges/murraymackay.htm

1970

2,428 x 57

138,400

Suspension with Truss

Across the harbor narrow of Halifax & Darmouth

Built as an orthotropic deck bridge. Still in use.

 

Angus L. Macdonald Bridge

Owner:  Halifax-Dartmouth Bridge commission

Designer:  O'Halloran Campbell Consultants

2000

2,502 x 36

90,000

Re-decking of a 1955 suspension

Across the harbor narrows of Halifax & Dartmouth

$55 million (Canadian??) Re-decking converted a 2-lane bridge into 3-lanes.

 

NEW BRUNSWICK - 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Longs Creek Bridge

1967

1,092 x 24

26,208

Cable-stayed

20 miles west of Ferdericton Trans-Canadian Highway

 

 

Hawkshaw Bridge

1968

1,092 x 24

26,208

Cable-stayed

50 miles west of Ferdericton Trans-Canadian Highway

 

 

St. John Harbor Bridge

1968

970 x 48

45,560

Twin Box Girders

St. John Harbor

 

 

ONTARIO - 3              

Port Carling Bascule Bridge

Owner:  District of Muskoka

Small bascule

56 x 42

 

Single Bascule

Muskoka, Ontario

Only moveable span - Built as an orthotropic deck bridge. Still in use.

 

Walpole Swing Bridge

Owner:  First Nations Indian Reserve

Small bridge

 

 

 

Walpole Island Indian Reservation

Only moveable span - Built as an orthotropic deck bridge. Still in use.

 

Pretoria Bridge

Owner:  City of Ottawa

Small bridge

 

 

 

Ottawa

Only moveable span - Built as an orthotropic deck bridge. Still in use.

 

QUEBEC - 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Papineau Bridge

Cable-Stayed

Designer:  Consultants

1969

1,370 x 89.3

122,386

Cable-stayed across the St. Lawrence River

Montreal across the St. Lawrence River

Built as an orthotropic deck bridge.  Still in use.

 

Concordia

1965

2,265 x 94

212,910

Single box girder divided into 3 cells

Montreal across the St. Lawrence River

Built as an orthotropic deck bridge. Still in use. Ice breaker piers, sloping face.

 

Champlain Bridge

Designer:  Specialist Peter Taylor, buckland & Taylor

1993

Two x 1,527 x 40.5

123,687

 

Montreal across the St. Lawrence River

Re-decking cantilever steel truss.

 

Total - 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

1.      Troitsky, M. S., Orthotropic Bridges - Theory and Design, 2nd ed., The James F. Lincoln Arc Welding Foundation Cleveland, OH, 1987.

2.      Thirty-seven Authors “HMS Eighth Biennial Movable Bridge Symposium” proceedings (Nov 8-10, 2000)

3.      Wolchuk, R., Orthotropic Redecking of Bridges on the North American Continent, Structural Engineering International, IABSE, 2(2), 125, 1992.

4.      “LIONS GATE MAIN SPAN REDECKING” Chemco Systems Inc. – Redwood City California “Epoxy Asphalt” reprint of papers including “Epoxy Asphalt Concrete A Polymer Concrete with 25 years experience” Gaul, Robert W. American Concrete Institute Technical Session “Polymer Concrete Overlays” November 11, 1993 Minneapolis MN conference.

5.      Modern Welded Structure, IV, James F. Lincoln Arc Welding Foundation, Cleveland, OH, A-34, 1980 http://www.lincolnelectric.com/services/educate/innovate.asp

6.      Hedefine, A., Chapter 11 Orthotropic-plate Girder Bridges, Structural Steel Engineering Handbook, 1st ed., Merritt, Frederick S. Ed., McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, NY., 1972

7.      Merritt, F. S.  and Geschwindner L. F. 1994 Analysis Of Special Structures", Structural Steel Engineering Handbook,  2nd ed., Merritt, Frederick S. Ed., McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, NY, 1994. Chap. 4

8.      Heins, C. and Firmage, D. A., Design of Modern Steel Highway Bridges, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1979.

9.      Wolchuk, R., Steel -Plate - Deck  Bridges and Steel Box Girder Bridges, Structural Engineering Handbook,  4th Edition,  Gaylord, E. H. , Gaylord C. N.; Stallmeyer, J. E., Eds. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, NY, 1997, chap 19.

10. Mangus, Alfred, Shawn Sun “Chapter 14 Orthotropic Deck Bridges, Bridge Engineering Handbook”, 1St ed., Chen, Wai-Fah, Duan Lian Ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton Florida, (1999).

11. Wolchuk, R., “Criteria for Surface Selection on Steel Orthotropic Decks” Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting,  Washington D. C. (Jan 7-11, 2001)

12. Wolchuk, R., “Steel Orthotropic Decks – Developments in the 1990’s” Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting,  Washington D. C. (1999)

13. Manniche, K. and Ward-Hall, G., Mission Bridge-Design and Construction of the Steel Box Girder, Canadian Journal Civil. Engineering  02: 169-192 (number 2, 1975

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